Written by Sierra Buehlman Barbeau   Iraq’s water supplies have been deteriorating for several decades, especially in the agriculture and domestic sectors.[1] This disaster drastically affects the Marsh Arabs, a community that relies on the marshes in Southern Iraq for survival. Many problems have contributed to this situation, including local and national mismanagement, the oil…

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Written by Mia Howard Introduction Recently, the Department of Commerce’s (“Commerce”) use of adverse facts available (“AFA”) has become one of the most controversial aspects of the United States’ trade remedies regime.[1] Under Sections 776(a)(1) and 776(a)(2)(A)-(D) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (“the Act”), Commerce may apply AFA after determining a party to the…

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Written By Reganne Hardy A Shot in the Democratic Backsliding Dark: Poland’s Road to Judicial Independence Recovery For the past eight years, the Law and Justice Party (Prawo i Sprawiedliwosc, PiS for short) dominated Poland’s elections. PiS is characterized by its intense right-wing, nationalist rule and promise to undo Western liberal influence through media and…

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Written by Sierra Buehlman Barbeau This article provides background information for our latest podcast episode, The Future of Climate Change and Human Rights, which discusses upcoming international court advisory opinions on human rights and climate change. Climate change is drastically impacting the human rights of people around the world. As climate change worsens and society…

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Written by Sierra Buehlman Barbeau Introduction: One of the fundamental challenges of international environmental law in the 21st century is determining responsibility and reparations for the harms stemming from climate change. When considering the massive damages developing countries and low-lying countries have experienced and will face due to climate change, there is much debate over…

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Written By Kathleen Burns The hippopotamus is listed as a vulnerable species and is facing serious anthropogenic threats in Africa.[1] Across the Atlantic Ocean, however, hippos are thriving in the Magdalena River basin of Colombia, making them the largest invasive animal in the world.[2] Their devastating impact on the surrounding environment presents an ethical dilemma…

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Written by Caitlyn Olson   Introduction Shortly after North Macedonia gained its independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991, the Balkan state sought to rapidly establish its international legitimacy by becoming a member of the United Nations and signing the Stabilization and Association Agreement with the European Union (EU).[1] In 2004, the Agreement entered into…

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Written by Elizabeth Staffeldt   INTRODUCTION The war in Ukraine has been a large part of the daily news cycle since the invasion in February 2022.[i] From the beginning, states have been providing aid to Ukraine by way of money and military goods.[ii] States have not been the only contributors to Ukraine’s fight against Russia.…

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Written by Alejandra Ureta Melcon   States’ blatant failure to take sufficient action, especially concerning mitigating emissions, has caused climate change to cross the line from a political talking point to a human rights emergency. Although the European Convention on Human Rights (“ECHR”) does not enshrine a specific right to a healthy environment, the European…

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